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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Involvement of a central dopaminergic system in 5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine-induced turning behaviour in rats with lesions of the dorsal raphé nuclei.

The turning behaviour induced by 5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine (5-MeODMT) has been investigated in rats with lesions of the dorsal raphé nucleus (DRN). 5-MeODMT caused a dose-related contralateral turning in rats with 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine (5,7-DHT) lesions of the substantia nigra and a similar effect was observed in DRN-lesioned rats. In contrast, a dose-related ipsilateral turning was observed when 5-MeODMT was injected into rats with 5,7-DHT lesions of the striatum. These results suggest that the effects of 5-MeODMT in DRN-Lesioned rats are mediated via the substantia nigra. The contralateral turning induced by 5-MeODMT in rats with a 5,7-DHT lesion of the DRN was significantly reduced when a second 5-hydroxydopamine lesion was placed in the striatum, but not when it was placed in the nucleus accumbens. Thus the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system seems to be involved in 5-MeODMT-induced turning. The release of tritium from slices of substantia nigra previously labelled with [3H]-dopamine was inhibited by 5-MeODMT (10(-7) to 10(-5) M) and this effect was blocked by methysergide in a concentration-related manner. Tetrodotoxin (10(-7) M) failed to antagonise 5-MeODMT. These results suggest that 5-MeODMT can inhibit dopamine release from nigral dendrites, which could in turn enhance nigrostriatal activity by reducing the auto-inhibitory actions of dopamine, thereby causing contralateral turning in DRN-lesioned rats.[1]


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