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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Increased sensitivity to complement or erythroid and myeloid progenitors in paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria.

Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria is an acquired hemolytic anemia characterized by a membrane defect leading to increased sensitivity of erythrocytes, granulocytes, platelets, and bone-marrow erythroid and myeloid cells to complement-mediated lysis. To determine whether the phenotype of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria is also expressed on erythroid and myeloid progenitors, marrow cells from five patients with the disease were exposed to a sucrose hemolytic system and then assayed for colony-forming units-erythroid (CFU-E), burst-forming units-erythroid (BFU-E), and colony-forming units-granulocyte/macrophage (CFU-GM). A 50 percent or greater decrease in the numbers of erythroid and myeloid colonies was noted when marrow cells from the patients with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria were exposed to a sucrose solution of low ionic strength in the presence of complement but not in its absence. Such a decrease was not noted in similarly treated normal marrow cells or in marrow cells from a patient with the disease in remission. These results suggest that in paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria, CFU-E, BFU-E, and CFU-GM express a membrane abnormality similar to that on erythrocytes, and that the disease is the result of a change occurring at the level of the pluripotent hematopoietic stem cell.[1]


  1. Increased sensitivity to complement or erythroid and myeloid progenitors in paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria. Dessypris, E.N., Clark, D.A., McKee, L.C., Krantz, S.B. N. Engl. J. Med. (1983) [Pubmed]
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