The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Proline trapping in granulomas, the site of collagen biosynthesis in murine schistosomiasis.

Proline, a critical substrate for collagen synthesis, is increased in liver undergoing fibrosis. In mice with schistosomiasis, the incorporation of proline into collagen occurs within liver granulomas. To study the interaction of liver cells and granulomas in the development of fibrosis, we assayed the enzymes that catalyze the formation and degradation of proline in isolated granulomas and liver. Two sequential enzymes involved in the formation of proline from arginine are ornithine-delta-aminotransferase and delta-pyrroline-5-carboxylate (P5C) reductase. Activities of both these enzymes in granulomas were approximately 10% of those in liver, expressed on the basis of DNA content. The enzymes involved in degradation of proline are proline oxidase and P5C dehydrogenase; both are present in liver cells. In isolated granulomas, activity of proline oxidase was minimal, and P5C dehydrogenase activity was absent. These findings suggest that the metabolism of proline within granulomas differs greatly from that in liver cells. Earlier studies showed that exogenous proline enters granulomas and is rapidly incorporated into collagen. The combined findings raise the possibility that granulomas serve as a proline trap. Proline can enter this compartment and can be incorporated into collagen; however, proline within granulomas cannot readily be diverted into other pathways by degradation.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities