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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Adriamycin and daunomycin generate reactive oxygen compounds in erythrocytes.

Adriamycin and daunomycin produce dose-related cardiac toxicity that may be related to oxygen radicals. Addition of these compounds to human erythrocyte suspensions resulted in stimulation of hexose monophosphate shunt activity that was markedly impaired in the absence of oxyhemoglobin. Evidence for generation of hydrogen peroxide by these compounds was provided by oxidation of reduced glutathione, by 14C-formate oxidation, and by the catalase-aminotriazole trapping technique. These experiments indicate that Adriamycin and daunomycin interact with oxyhemoglobin to generate reactive oxygen metabolites. A similar interaction with oxymyoglobin may occur in the heart and produce oxygen radicals that injure cardiac myocytes.[1]


  1. Adriamycin and daunomycin generate reactive oxygen compounds in erythrocytes. Henderson, C.A., Metz, E.N., Balcerzak, S.P., Sagone, A.L. Blood (1978) [Pubmed]
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