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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

An exo-poly-alpha-D-galacturonosidase implicated in the regulation of extracellular pectate lyase production in Erwinia chrysanthemi.

Pectic enzymes in the supernatants of Erwinia chrysanthemi cultures in late-logarithmic-phase growth on D-galacturonan were resolved into three components: two pectate lyase isozymes and an exo-poly-alpha-D-galacturonosidase previously unreported in this organism. The hydrolytic enzyme was purified to homogeneity by ammonium sulfate fractionation, preparative electrofocusing in Ultrodex gel, and gel filtration through Ultrogel AcA54. The enzyme had a specific activity of 591 mumol/min per mg of protein, a pI of 8.3, a molecular weight of 67,000, a pH optimum of 6.0, and a Km of 0.05 mM for D-galacturonan. Analyses of reaction mixtures by paper chromatography revealed that the enzyme released only digalacturonic acid from D-galacturonan. The action of the hydrolytic enzyme on D-galacturonan labeled at the nonreducing end by partial digestion with pectate lyase revealed that it rapidly released 4,5-unsaturated digalacturonic acid from 4,5-unsaturated pectic polymers. The production of extracellular exo-poly-alpha-D-galacturonosidase was coordinately regulated with pectate lyase production. The action patterns of the two enzymes appeared complementary in the degradation of pectic polymers to disaccharides that stimulated pectic enzyme production and supported bacterial growth.[1]


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