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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Studies on the relation of gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) to gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). Evidence that GABA is not the sole source for GHB in rat brain.

The effects of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-alpha-oxoglutarate aminotransferase (GABA-T) inhibitors, L-glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) inhibitors, and antipetit mal anticonvulsants on gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) and GABA were studied. Treatment with anticonvulsants and GABA-T inhibitors resulted in an increase in steady-state brain levels of both GHB and GABA. GAD inhibitors produced markedly decreased levels of brain GABA but no change in GHB concentrations. Studies of GHB derived exclusively from GABA showed that GABA-T inhibitors which produced an elevation of steady-state levels of GHB in brain also resulted in a decrease in GABA-derived GHB. Intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of GABA, putrescine, and 1,4-butanediol all produced significant elevations in brain GHB, but GABA-T inhibitors blocked this effect of GABA and putrescine. These data suggest that there may be another source for GHB in brain in addition to GABA and raise the possibility that 1,4-butanediol may be that source.[1]


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