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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Structural features of luliberin (luteinising hormone-releasing factor) inferred from fluorescence measurements.

The fluorescence and excitation spectra of luliberin (luteinizing hormone-releasing factor) in 0.005 M aqueous ammonium acetate are identical in shape to those of N-acetyltryptophan amide and are related to the indole side chain of Trp3. The change of fluoresecence intensity of luliberin with pH was measured in the range of pH 4-11. The increase of pH from 4 to 7.5 is followed by about 50% increase in fluorescence intensity due to deprotonation of the imidazolium side chain of His2. The fluorimetric titration curve in this pH region reveals a pK value for His2 of 5.95. Increasing of pH from 8 to 11 results in about 40% quenching of the fluorescence due to electronic energy transfer from the excited indole of Trp3 to the phenolate side chain of Tyr5. The pK value of Tyr5, obtained independently from the fluorimetric and photometric titrations indicate that at pH 7-8 luliberin contains only one charged residue, Arg8, which is in close vicinity to both His2 and Tyr5. The side chains of His2, Tyr5 and Arg8 presumably form a combined unit which may play an active role in the hormone action. Trp3 is at a maximal distance from this unit and may thus act as an independent active unit.[1]


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