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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Hydroxy- and non-hydroxy-galactolipids in developing rat CNS.

Rat spinal cord (1-24 weeks postnatal) was analysed by HPLC for various species of galactolipids that accumulate in mammalian myelin during development. Cerebral tissue of the same animals was taken as reference. The levels of the major galactolipids, galactosylceramide (GalCer) and its sulfated analog (SGalCer), increased linearly during the first 2 months after birth. At 3 months, constant levels were reached that were approx. 4-fold (GalCer) and 2.5-fold (SGalCer) higher than in cerebral tissue of corresponding age. The accumulation of galactoglycerolipids slightly preceded that of galactosphingolipids. Levels of galacto-glycerolipids were much lower (4% of galactosphingolipids in 3-and 2.5% in 6-month-old spinal cord on weight basis) and decreased upon CNS maturation. During the first postnatal month, the ratio of non-hydroxy- over hydroxy-species (NFA/HFA) of cerebral GalCer declined from 2.2 to 0.5 whereas the NFA/HFA ratio for cerebral SGalCer increased from 1.0 to 1.8 in the same period. Through development the hydroxy-species contributed 56-60% to GalCer and 28-41% to SGalCer in spinal cord, whereas in cerebrum of 24-week-old rats 73% of GalCer and 48% of SGalCer was alpha-hydroxylated in the ceramide moiety. These data point to different developmental programs with respect to galactolipid metabolism of oligodendrocytes in high- (spinal cord) as compared to low-myelinated (cerebral) areas of rat CNS.[1]


  1. Hydroxy- and non-hydroxy-galactolipids in developing rat CNS. De Haas, C.G., Lopes-Cardozo, M. Int. J. Dev. Neurosci. (1995) [Pubmed]
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