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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Polymerase chain reaction-directed DNA sequencing of bleomycin-induced "nondeletion"-type, 6-thioguanine-resistant mutants in Chinese hamster ovary cell derivative AS52: effects of an inhibitor and a mimic of superoxide dismutase.

Bleomycin-induced, 6-thioguanine-resistant, "non deletion" mutants pretreated with or without either TRIEN (triethylenetetramine), a superoxide dismutase (SOD) inhibitor, or TEMPOL (4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl), a SOD mimic, were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-directed DNA sequencing in a Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell derivative, AS52. Among the 23 bleomycin-induced mutants, six have 3-bp 5'-TGA-3' deletions in the region of 366-371, five have single-base deletions, seven have base substitutions, three have insertions, and two have possible translocations. Among the 16 bleomycin-induced mutants pretreated with TRIEN, six have the 5'-TGA-3' deletion (366-371), two have single-base deletions, one has a 13-bp deletion, four have single-base substitutions, one has a double-base substitution, and two have insertions. Among the 17 bleomycin-induced mutants pretreated with TEMPOL, six have the same TGA deletions, two have single-base deletions, two have single-base insertions, four have single-base substitutions, one mutant has a 12-bp deletion, one has a 13-bp deletion, and one mutant shows no detectable change in its coding region in the DNA sequence. A possible shift from a ROS-mediated mutational spectrum to a spontaneous mutational spectrum by TRIEN further indicates that reactive oxygen species play an important role in bleomycin mutagenesis in mammalian cells.[1]


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