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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein mediates the cellular degradation of tissue factor pathway inhibitor.

The low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein/alpha 2-macroglobulin receptor (LRP) is a cell-surface glycoprotein of 4525 amino acids that functions as a hepatic endocytosis receptor for several plasma proteins. These include alpha 2-macroglobulin-protease complexes, free plasminogen activators as well as plasminogen activators complexed with their inhibitors, and beta-migrating very low density lipoproteins complexed with either apolipoprotein E or lipoprotein lipase. In the current study we used human and rat hepatoma cell lines to demonstrate that LRP can mediate the degradation of tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI), a Kunitz-type plasma serine protease inhibitor that regulates tissue factor-induced blood coagulation. The cellular degradation of 125I-labeled TFPI (125I-TFPI) was inhibited more than 80% both by antibodies directed against LRP and by the LRP-associated 39-kDa protein, a protein that inhibits the binding and/or cell-mediated degradation of all ligands by LRP. Using rat hepatoma cells, we report that at 4 degrees C, 125I-TFPI binds to approximately 2 x 10(6) sites per cell with an equilibrium dissociation constant of approximately 30 nM. 125I-TFPI binding to the cell surface is not inhibited by the 39-kDa protein. Taken together, our results suggest that TFPI binds to an as-yet-unidentified cell surface molecule. After binding, LRP mediates the cellular degradation of TFPI.[1]


  1. The low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein mediates the cellular degradation of tissue factor pathway inhibitor. Warshawsky, I., Broze, G.J., Schwartz, A.L. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1994) [Pubmed]
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