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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Purification and structure-function analysis of native, PNGase F-treated, and endo-beta-galactosidase-treated CHIP28 water channels.

CHIP28 occurs naturally in glycosylated and nonglycosylated forms. The purpose of this study was to determine the role of glycosylation in CHIP28 structure and function. A new purification procedure based on phenylboronic acid-agarose (PBA) affinity chromatography was developed to isolate CHIP28. In purified native CHIP28 from erythrocytes, approximately 50% of CHIP28 molecules were glycosylated; each mole of glycosylated CHIP28 contained 5.4 kDa of monosaccharides consisting of 2 mol of Fuc, 8 mol of Gal, 1 mol of GalN, 13 mol of GlcN, 3 mol of Man, and 1 mol of Neu5Ac. The proportions of each monosaccharide and the sensitivity to endo-beta-galactosidase indicated that CHIP28 contained polylactosaminyl oligosaccharides. Glycosylated and nonglycosylated CHIP28 remained tightly associated when solubilized in octyl beta-D-glucoside (OG) and could not be separated by conventional chromatographic procedures. To remove the sugar moiety, CHIP28 was enzymatically deglycosylated by PNGase F and purified by Q-Sepharose anion-exchange and Erythrina cristagalli lectin chromatography. High-performance size-exclusion chromatography revealed that native CHIP28 eluted as an apparent dimer, whereas deglycosylated CHIP28 eluted as an apparent monomer. In reconstituted proteoliposomes, deglycosylated CHIP28 had a single channel water permeability (pf) of 3.1 x 10(-14) cm3/s (10 degrees C), not different from that of 3.2 x 10(-14) cm3/s for native CHIP28. Circular dichroism of native and deglycosylated CHIP28 in OG revealed 45% and 48% alpha-helix, respectively; intrinsic tryptophan fluorescence showed no effects of glycosylation on tryptophan environment. Freeze-fracture electron microscopy with rotary shadowing indicated that native and deglycosylated CHIP28 assembled as tetramers in reconstituted proteoliposomes.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Purification and structure-function analysis of native, PNGase F-treated, and endo-beta-galactosidase-treated CHIP28 water channels. van Hoek, A.N., Wiener, M.C., Verbavatz, J.M., Brown, D., Lipniunas, P.H., Townsend, R.R., Verkman, A.S. Biochemistry (1995) [Pubmed]
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