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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Pain relief after inguinal hernia repair: a randomized double-blind study.

A randomized double-blind study was undertaken using 0.5 per cent bupivacaine ilioinguinal field block and oral papaveretum-aspirin tablets to assess pain relief after hernia surgery. A consecutive series of 200 men undergoing repair of a unilateral inguinal hernia underwent random allocation into one of the four groups to receive: bupivacaine and papaveretum-aspirin (group 1), bupivacaine and oral placebo (group 2), saline and papaveretum-aspirin (group 3), or saline and oral placebo (group 4). Patients were prescribed postoperative opiates to be given on demand. Pain levels and mobility were assessed at 6 and 24 h after operation. Patients in group 1 reported significantly less pain, required less additional opiates and had better mobility than those in group 4 (pain score P < 0.001 at 6 h and P = 0.002 at 24 h) and group 3 (P = 0.002 for pain and mobility scores at 6 h). Bupivacaine alone provided good immediate postoperative pain relief (P = 0.002 group 2 versus group 4 at 6 h). The combination of bupivacaine and papaveretum-aspirin provided the best results and is suitable for day-case postoperative analgesia.[1]


  1. Pain relief after inguinal hernia repair: a randomized double-blind study. Nehra, D., Gemmell, L., Pye, J.K. The British journal of surgery. (1995) [Pubmed]
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