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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Yeast synaptobrevin homologs are modified posttranslationally by the addition of palmitate.

Yeast possess two homologs of the synaptobrevin family of vesicle-associated membrane proteins that function in membrane recognition and vesicle fusion. Yeast proteins Snc1 and Snc2 localize to secretory vesicles and are required for constitutive exocytosis. They also form a physical complex with a plasma membrane protein, Sec9, which is necessary for vesicle docking and fusion to occur in vivo. Formation of this molecular complex, as a prerequisite for vesicle fusion, appears to have been conserved evolutionarily. Here we demonstrate that Snc proteins undergo a single posttranslational modification with the addition of a palmitate moiety to Cys-95 in Snc1. Modification of Cys-95 (which is located proximal to the transmembrane domain) is rapid, occurs in the endoplasmic reticulum, and is long-lasting. Mutation of Cys-95 to Ser-95 blocks palmitoylation and appears to affect Snc protein stability. This provides evidence that synaptobrevin-like proteins are modified posttranslationally, and we predict that fatty acylation may be common to those found in higher eukaryotes.[1]


  1. Yeast synaptobrevin homologs are modified posttranslationally by the addition of palmitate. Couve, A., Protopopov, V., Gerst, J.E. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1995) [Pubmed]
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