The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Conversion of postischemic ventricular fibrillation with intraaortic infusion of potassium chloride.

BACKGROUND. Ventricular fibrillation after declamping of the aorta after cardioplegic arrest is commonly managed by direct-current countershock. However, in coronary artery bypass grafting, placement of the electrodes can cause mechanical damage to the grafts and anastomoses, and the surgical procedure must be interrupted. As an alternative, intraaortic infusion of potassium chloride through the arterial line from the heart-lung machine was investigated. METHODS. In a series of 100 patients with postischemic ventricular fibrillation (group P), 20 mmol of potassium chloride (plus 10 mmol later if necessary) was added to the oxygenator reservoir and perfused through the arterial line into the proximal aorta. The results were compared with those in a matched control group of 100 patients primarily treated with direct-current countershock (group DC). RESULTS. In group P, the ventricular fibrillation was effectively converted to a supraventricular rhythm in 82% of the patients. The remaining 18 patients required significantly (p < 0.005) fewer electric shocks than the patients in group DC. Serum K+ levels were slightly elevated for a short period after the potassium chloride infusion. Otherwise there were no significant differences in regard to incidence of heart block, temporary epicardial pacing, myocardial infarction, or atrial fibrillation between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS. Conversion of postischemic ventricular fibrillation with potassium chloride administered through the arterial line from the heart-lung machine is an effective, gentle, and convenient method. No side effects were noted.[1]

References

  1. Conversion of postischemic ventricular fibrillation with intraaortic infusion of potassium chloride. Ovrum, E., Tangen, G., Holen, E.A., Ringdal, M.A., Istad, R. Ann. Thorac. Surg. (1995) [Pubmed]
 
WikiGenes - Universities