The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A dominant negative bone morphogenetic protein 4 receptor causes neuralization in Xenopus ectoderm.

Injection of DN-BR mRNA encoding a dominant negative type I receptor for bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) converted prospective ectoderm into neural tissue in Xenopus animal cap explants, in the absence of expression of mesodermal marker genes. The injected caps expressed a general neural marker NCAM and the forebrain marker opsin. Coinjection of wild-type BMP4 receptor mRNA completely reversed the neuralization by DN-BR. No expression of known neuralizing factors, i.e., noggin and follistatin, was detected in the DN-BR-injected animal caps. Furthermore, neuralization elicited by noggin or 3m, a LIM domain mutant of Xlim-1, was substantially inhibited by co-injection of BMP4 mRNA. Since BMP4 is expressed in the prospective ectoderm during gastrulation, our results suggest that the ventralizing factor BMP4 acts also as a physiological inhibitor of neuralization in the development of Xenopus ectoderm.[1]


  1. A dominant negative bone morphogenetic protein 4 receptor causes neuralization in Xenopus ectoderm. Xu, R.H., Kim, J., Taira, M., Zhan, S., Sredni, D., Kung, H.F. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (1995) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities