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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Histamine-evoked chromaffin cell scinderin redistribution, F-actin disassembly, and secretion: in the absence of cortical F-actin disassembly, an increase in intracellular Ca2+ fails to trigger exocytosis.

Histamine is a known chromaffin cell secretagogue that induces Ca(2+) -dependent release of catecholamines. However, conflicting evidence exists as to the source of Ca2+ utilized in histamine-evoked secretion. Here we report that histamine-H1 receptor activation induces redistribution of scinderin, a Ca(2+)-dependent F-actin severing protein, cortical F-actin disassembly, and catecholamine release. Histamine evoked similar patterns of distribution of scinderin and filamentous actin. The rapid responses to histamine occurred in the absence of extracellular Ca2+ and were triggered by release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores. The trigger for the release of Ca2+ was inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate because U-73122, a phospholipase C inhibitor, but not its inactive isomer (U-73343), inhibited the increases in IP3 and intracellular Ca2+ levels, scinderin redistribution, cortical F-actin disassembly, and catecholamine release in response to histamine. Thapsigargin, an agent known to mobilize intracellular Ca2+, blocked the rise in intracellular Ca2+ concentration, scinderin redistribution, F-actin disassembly, and catecholamine secretion in response to histamine. Calphostin C and chelerythrine, two inhibitors of protein kinase C, blocked all responses to histamine with the exception of the release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores. This suggests that protein kinase C is involved in histamine-induced responses. The results also show that in the absence of F-actin disassembly, rises in intracellular Ca2+ concentration are not by themselves capable of triggering catecholamine release.[1]


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