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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Prevalence of hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with alcoholic cirrhosis and prior exposure to hepatitis C.

Sixty-three patients with alcoholic cirrhosis were retrospectively studied for the prevalence of antibodies to core (P22) and nonstructural (C100) region of hepatitis C virus (HCV). The prevalence rate of anti-P22 antibodies in patients with alcoholic cirrhosis was higher than that of anti-C100 antibodies (63.5% vs. 54.9%). The positivity rate of anti-C100 and/or anti-P22 antibodies was 73.0% (46/63) in alcoholic cirrhosis. We performed a multivariate analysis on the effects of age, sex, cumulative alcohol intake, anti-HCV antibodies, indocyanine green excretion test, and serum albumin on the development of hepatocellular carcinoma HCC in patients with cirrhosis, using Cox's proportional-hazards model, which revealed that anti-HCV positivity was the only independent prognostic variable for HCC in patients with alcoholic cirrhosis. The probability of HCC was significantly higher in the anti-HCV-positive patients than in the negative patients with alcoholic cirrhosis (p < 0.05). The 3-, 5- and 10-yr cumulative occurrence rate of HCC was, respectively, 13.3%, 41.3%, and 80.7% for anti-HCV-positive patients with alcoholic cirrhosis, compared with 0%, 8.3%, and 18.5% for anti-HCV-negative patients. In nonalcoholic patients with type C cirrhosis, the 3-, 5-, and 10-yr cumulative occurrence rate of HCC was 7.3%, 23.1%, and 56.5%, respectively. The follow-up studies indicate that hepatocarcinogenesis is hastened significantly in patients with alcoholic cirrhosis if they are positive for anti-HCV antibody, and that heavy alcohol consumption also is a risk factor for the development of HCC in patients with type C cirrhosis.[1]


  1. Prevalence of hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with alcoholic cirrhosis and prior exposure to hepatitis C. Yamauchi, M., Nakahara, M., Maezawa, Y., Satoh, S., Nishikawa, F., Ohata, M., Mizuhara, Y., Hirakawa, J., Nakajima, H., Fujisawa, K. Am. J. Gastroenterol. (1993) [Pubmed]
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