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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Influence of 5-HT3 receptor antagonists in visceromotor and nociceptive responses to rectal distension before and during experimental colitis in rats.

We investigated the possible involvement of 5-HT3 receptors in the colonic motor alterations and abdominal pain evoked by rectal distension (RD) in rats, under normal and inflammatory conditions. Responses to RD were evaluated by electromyography in rats treated with 5-HT3 antagonists (ondansetron and cilansetron, 0.1 and 1 mg/kg, intraperitoneally), before and 3 days after intrarectal administration of TNB/ethanol. RD evoked a significant (P < 0.05) and gradual inhibition of the occurrence of colonic spike bursts (SB) and a gradual increase in abdominal SB from 11 mm in diameter on wards. Ondansetron and cilansetron (0.1 mg/kg) significantly reduced both the colonic (62 and 66%, respectively) and the abdominal response (28 and 61%, respectively) for an 11 mm diameter of RD. After TNB/ethanol, both colonic and abdominal responses to RD were significantly (P < 0.05) enhanced and appeared for a lower diameter (9 mm) (colon: 4.8 +/- 0.9 vs 8.4 +/- 1.1, abdomen: 7.7 +/- 1.5 vs 0.5 +/- 0.4). Cilansetron (0.1, 1 mg/kg) significantly (P < 0.05) attenuated the TNB-induced colonic motor inhibition, while ondansetron and cilansetron (0.1, 1 mg/kg) reduced the TNB-induced increase in abdominal response. We conclude that 5-HT and 5-HT3 receptors mediate RD-induced viscerosensitive alterations in rats, both in normal conditions and during TNB-induced rectocolitis. However, the relative efficacy of the 5-HT3 receptor antagonists depends on the experimental conditions (intact or inflamed bowel) and does not appear to increase with the dose.[1]


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