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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review


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Disease relevance of Electromyography


Psychiatry related information on Electromyography


High impact information on Electromyography

  • METHODS: The effects of IL-1 beta were determined by electromyography in conscious rats with implanted electrodes and a permanent catheter in a lateral brain ventricle [10].
  • The effects of hypothalamic microinfusions of cholecystokinin octapeptide and its antagonist L364,718 on cecocolonic myoelectrical activity were evaluated by electromyography in fasted and fed rats [11].
  • Multisite electromyography revealed that blocking Cx36 in the IO impaired the coherence of muscle firing during harmaline tremor without affecting its rhythm [12].
  • NWRs evoked by cutaneous noxious mechanical and thermal (CO2-laser) stimulation were recorded using electromyography in a decerebrate spinal preparation [13].
  • Patients underwent neurologic and rheumatologic evaluation, electromyography, and muscle biopsy after exclusion for recreational drug or alcohol use, metabolic/endocrine disorders, zidovudine therapy, and other infections [14].

Chemical compound and disease context of Electromyography


Biological context of Electromyography

  • Immediately after surgery, HX fetuses were infused with a constant dose of ACTH-(1-24) (ACTH/HX; 100 ng/, i.v.) or saline (SAL/HX) until uterine electromyography indicated the onset of labor or 161 days gestation was reached (term = 147 +/- 2.6 days) [20].
  • Literature review of the usefulness of nerve conduction studies and electromyography for the evaluation of patients with carpal tunnel syndrome. AAEM Quality Assurance Committee [21].
  • METHOD: We compared physiological measures (heart rate, finger pulse volume, electrodermal activity, electromyography), cortisol levels, and subjective well-being during rest and during a mental stress task as well as selective attention and memory for illness-related words in 58 patients with somatization syndrome and 21 healthy controls [22].
  • Uterine electromyography was performed by means of chronically implanted surface electrodes in 3 Pony mares during spontaneous oestrous cycles and following luteolysis induced by a prostaglandin analogue (fluprostenol) [23].
  • Male homozygous A1R KO mice, wild-type (WT) mice, and heterozygotes (HET) from a mixed 129/C57BL background were implanted during anesthesia with electrodes for electroencephalography (EEG) and electromyography (EMG) [24].

Anatomical context of Electromyography


Associations of Electromyography with chemical compounds

  • Creatine kinase and electromyography were useful to demonstrate muscle involvement [30].
  • At the time of presentation, the serum creatinine phosphokinase level was more than 10 times greater than normal, and electromyography revealed repetitive positive waves [31].
  • SUBJECTS: In eight normal subjects measurements of anorectal motility and sensation were performed on separate days while blood glucose concentrations were stabilised at 4, 8, and 12 mmol/l. METHODS: Anorectal motor and sensory function was measured using a sleeve/sidehole catheter incorporating a balloon, and electromyography [32].
  • Four patients (three receiving penicillamine) demonstrated mild neurogenic changes distally on needle electromyography [33].
  • Electromyography in cervical dystonia: changes after botulinum and trihexyphenidyl [34].

Gene context of Electromyography

  • Motor and sensory nerve conduction velocities (NCVs) and needle electromyography (EMG) results were reviewed in 26 children with different types of congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD), including patients with mutations in the genes LAMA2, FKRP, and COL6A2 [35].
  • The B6MT mouse showed moderate to severe action myotonia, and electromyography revealed myotonic discharge [36].
  • The effects of NPY on CRF and stress-stimulated cecal motility were investigated by electromyography in rats [37].
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate the participation of the diaphragm and the sternocleidomastoid (SMM) muscle to overcome with a 30% Threshold load using surface electromyography (sEMG) and to analyze the correlation between SMM activation, maximum strength level of inspiratory muscles (MIP) and obstruction degree in COPD patients (FEV1) [38].
  • Needle electromyography was myopathic, lactate stress testing was abnormal, muscle biopsy showed typical features of an RCD and mtDNA analysis revealed the A3243G MELAS mutation [39].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Electromyography


  1. An unusual variant of Becker muscular dystrophy. de Visser, M., Bakker, E., Defesche, J.C., Bolhuis, P.A., van Ommen, G.J. Ann. Neurol. (1990) [Pubmed]
  2. Baclofen in the treatment of stiff-man syndrome. Miller, F., Korsvik, H. Ann. Neurol. (1981) [Pubmed]
  3. Type 1 fiber abnormalities in skeletal muscle of patients with hypertrophic and dilated cardiomyopathy: evidence of subclinical myogenic myopathy. Caforio, A.L., Rossi, B., Risaliti, R., Siciliano, G., Marchetti, A., Angelini, C., Crea, F., Mariani, M., Muratorio, A. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. (1989) [Pubmed]
  4. Micturitional disturbance in pure autonomic failure. Sakakibara, R., Hattori, T., Uchiyama, T., Asahina, M., Yamanishi, T. Neurology (2000) [Pubmed]
  5. Neurourologic abnormalities in multiple sclerosis. Goldstein, I., Siroky, M.B., Sax, D.S., Krane, R.J. J. Urol. (1982) [Pubmed]
  6. What is the optimal repetition number in electromyographic reaction time studies? Günendi, Z., Taskiran, O.O., Beyazova, M. Clinical biomechanics (Bristol, Avon) (2005) [Pubmed]
  7. Task-induced electromyographic activation in fibromyalgia subjects and controls. Svebak, S., Anjia, R., Kårstad, S.I. Scand. J. Rheumatol. (1993) [Pubmed]
  8. A knowledge based interpretation system for EMG abnormalities. Mishra, R.B., Dandapat, S. International journal of clinical monitoring and computing. (1993) [Pubmed]
  9. Multifactorial facial pain--differential diagnosis: a case report. Donlon, W.C., Kaplan, H., Javid, B., Harness, M., Shultz, P., Rome, H., Hwang, R., Santucci, E. Journal of the American Dental Association (1939) (1990) [Pubmed]
  10. Central action of interleukin 1 beta on intestinal motility in rats: mediation by two mechanisms. Fargeas, M.J., Fioramonti, J., Bueno, L. Gastroenterology (1993) [Pubmed]
  11. Role of hypothalamic cholecystokinin octapeptide in the colonic motor response to a meal in rats. Liberge, M., Arruebo, M.P., Bueno, L. Gastroenterology (1991) [Pubmed]
  12. Fundamental role of inferior olive connexin 36 in muscle coherence during tremor. Placantonakis, D.G., Bukovsky, A.A., Zeng, X.H., Kiem, H.P., Welsh, J.P. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2004) [Pubmed]
  13. Developmental adaptation of rat nociceptive withdrawal reflexes after neonatal tendon transfer. Holmberg, H., Schouenborg, J., Yu, Y.B., Weng, H.R. J. Neurosci. (1997) [Pubmed]
  14. Human immunodeficiency virus-associated polymyositis: a longitudinal study of outcome. Johnson, R.W., Williams, F.M., Kazi, S., Dimachkie, M.M., Reveille, J.D. Arthritis Rheum. (2003) [Pubmed]
  15. Acetazolamide acts on neuromuscular transmission abnormalities found in some migraineurs. Ambrosini, A., Pierelli, F., Schoenen, J. Cephalalgia : an international journal of headache. (2003) [Pubmed]
  16. Air cystometrography and sphincter electromyography in patients with bladder outlet obstruction. Esho, J.O., Obasanya, B.O. Eur. Urol. (1978) [Pubmed]
  17. Single-fiber electromyography improvement with 3,4-diaminopyridine in Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome. Kim, D.S., Claussen, G.C., Oh, S.J. Muscle Nerve (1998) [Pubmed]
  18. The effect of cholinesterase inhibitors of SFEMG in myasthenia gravis. Massey, J.M., Sanders, D.B., Howard, J.F. Muscle Nerve (1989) [Pubmed]
  19. Factors related to the electric taste threshold in type 1 diabetic patients. Le Floch, J.P., Le Lièvre, G., Verroust, J., Philippon, C., Peynegre, R., Perlemuter, L. Diabet. Med. (1990) [Pubmed]
  20. Chronic administration of low doses of adrenocorticotropin to hypophysectomized fetal sheep leads to normal term labor. Jacobs, R.A., Young, I.R., Hollingworth, S.A., Thorburn, G.D. Endocrinology (1994) [Pubmed]
  21. Literature review of the usefulness of nerve conduction studies and electromyography for the evaluation of patients with carpal tunnel syndrome. AAEM Quality Assurance Committee. Jablecki, C.K., Andary, M.T., So, Y.T., Wilkins, D.E., Williams, F.H. Muscle Nerve (1993) [Pubmed]
  22. Elevated levels of psychophysiological arousal and cortisol in patients with somatization syndrome. Rief, W., Shaw, R., Fichter, M.M. Psychosomatic medicine. (1998) [Pubmed]
  23. In-vivo myometrial electrical activity in the cyclic mare. Taverne, M.A., van der Weyden, G.C., Fontijne, P., Dieleman, S.J., Pashen, R.L., Allen, W.R. J. Reprod. Fertil. (1979) [Pubmed]
  24. Sleep and its homeostatic regulation in mice lacking the adenosine A1 receptor. Stenberg, D., Litonius, E., Halldner, L., Johansson, B., Fredholm, B.B., Porkka-Heiskanen, T. Journal of sleep research. (2003) [Pubmed]
  25. Biphasic urethral sphincter responses to acetic acid infusion into the lower urinary tract in anesthetized cats. Chen, Z., Anderson, D.L., Faison, W.L., Baer, P.G. J. Urol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  26. Differential sensitivity of abdominal muscles and the diaphragm to mivacurium: an electromyographic study. Kirov, K., Motamed, C., Dhonneur, G. Anesthesiology (2001) [Pubmed]
  27. Modulating neural networks with transcranial magnetic stimulation applied over the dorsal premotor and primary motor cortices. Chouinard, P.A., Van Der Werf, Y.D., Leonard, G., Paus, T. J. Neurophysiol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  28. Cauda equina syndrome complicating ankylosing spondylitis: use of electromyography and computerised tomography in diagnosis. Young, A., Dixon, A., Getty, J., Renton, P., Vacher, H. Ann. Rheum. Dis. (1981) [Pubmed]
  29. The effect of ankle disk training on muscle reaction time in subjects with a history of ankle sprain. Osborne, M.D., Chou, L.S., Laskowski, E.R., Smith, J., Kaufman, K.R. The American journal of sports medicine. (2001) [Pubmed]
  30. Muscle involvement in the scleroderma syndromes. Ringel, R.A., Brick, J.E., Brick, J.F., Gutmann, L., Riggs, J.E. Arch. Intern. Med. (1990) [Pubmed]
  31. Hypothyroidism presenting as muscle stiffness and pseudohypertrophy: Hoffmann's syndrome. Klein, I., Parker, M., Shebert, R., Ayyar, D.R., Levey, G.S. Am. J. Med. (1981) [Pubmed]
  32. Acute hyperglycaemia affects anorectal motor and sensory function in normal subjects. Russo, A., Sun, W.M., Sattawatthamrong, Y., Fraser, R., Horowitz, M., Andrews, J.M., Read, N.W. Gut (1997) [Pubmed]
  33. Neuromuscular transmission in rheumatoid arthritis, with and without penicillamine treatment. Albers, J.W., Beals, C.A., Levine, S.P. Neurology (1981) [Pubmed]
  34. Electromyography in cervical dystonia: changes after botulinum and trihexyphenidyl. Brans, J.W., Aramideh, M., Koelman, J.H., Lindeboom, R., Speelman, J.D., Ongerboer de Visser, B.W. Neurology (1998) [Pubmed]
  35. EMG and nerve conduction studies in children with congenital muscular dystrophy. Quijano-Roy, S., Renault, F., Romero, N., Guicheney, P., Fardeau, M., Estournet, B. Muscle Nerve (2004) [Pubmed]
  36. A novel murine myotonia congenita without molecular defects in the ClC-1 and the SCN4A. Shirakawa, T., Sakai, K., Kitagawa, Y., Hori, A., Hirose, G. Neurology (2002) [Pubmed]
  37. Inhibitory effects of neuropeptide Y (NPY) on CRF and stress-induced cecal motor response in rats. Jiménez, M., Buéno, L. Life Sci. (1990) [Pubmed]
  38. Inspiratory muscular activation during threshold therapy in elderly healthy and patients with COPD. de Andrade, A.D., Silva, T.N., Vasconcelos, H., Marcelino, M., Rodrigues-Machado, M.G., Filho, V.C., Moraes, N.H., Marinho, P.E., Amorim, C.F. Journal of electromyography and kinesiology : official journal of the International Society of Electrophysiological Kinesiology. (2005) [Pubmed]
  39. Nail-patella syndrome associated with respiratory chain disorder. Finsterer, J., Stöllberger, C., Wanschitz, J., Jaksch, M., Budka, H. Eur. Neurol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  40. Suppression of sigma spindle electroencephalographic activity as a measure of transient arousal after spontaneous and occlusion-evoked sighs and startles. Wulbrand, H., McNamara, F., Thach, B.T. Pediatr. Res. (1998) [Pubmed]
  41. The neuromuscular features of acromegaly: a clinical and pathological study. Khaleeli, A.A., Levy, R.D., Edwards, R.H., McPhail, G., Mills, K.R., Round, J.M., Betteridge, D.J. J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatr. (1984) [Pubmed]
  42. Intubating conditions and time course of rocuronium-induced neuromuscular block in children. Fuchs-Buder, T., Tassonyi, E. British journal of anaesthesia. (1996) [Pubmed]
  43. Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and muscle carnitine deficiency. Bautista, J., Rafel, E., Martinez, A., Sainz, I., Herrera, J., Segura, L., Chinchon, I. Muscle Nerve (1990) [Pubmed]
  44. AAEM minimonograph #45: the early development of electromyography. Bonner, F.J., Devleschoward, A.B. Muscle Nerve (1995) [Pubmed]
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