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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of flumethrin on hepatic drug-metabolizing enzymes and antipyrine disposition in rats.

The effects of repeated exposure to the pyrethroid insecticide flumethrin (40 mg/kg intraperitoneally once a day for 6 days) on the activity of cytochrome P450-dependent monooxygenases and UDP-glucuronosyltransferase as well as on antipyrine disposition were investigated in male Wistar rats. Pretreatment with flumethrin decreased the activities of NADPH-cytochrome c reductase (38%), aniline hydroxylase (53%), aminopyrine N-demethylase (54%), and UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (34%), and the content of cytochrome P450 (36%) in hepatic microsomes. Total plasma clearance of antipyrine was decreased by flumethrin pretreatment (54%), while the elimination half-life at beta phase and the mean residence time of antipyrine were increased (96 and 88%, respectively). Urinary excretion of norantipyrine, 4-hydroxyantipyrine, and 3-hydroxymethylantipyrine was decreased by 60, 38, and 33%, respectively, in the 96 hr after flumethrin treatment. In addition, the rate constants for formation of each of these metabolites were decreased by an average of approximately 74%. These findings provide evidence that flumethrin exposure diminishes hepatic enzyme levels and catalytic activities of monooxygenase systems as well as oxidative metabolism of antipyrine.[1]


  1. Effects of flumethrin on hepatic drug-metabolizing enzymes and antipyrine disposition in rats. Anadón, A., Martinez-Larrañaga, M.R., Diaz, M.J., Bringas, P., Fernandez, M.C., Martinez, M.A., Fernandez-Cruz, M.L. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. (1995) [Pubmed]
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