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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Apolipoprotein A-I-mediated efflux of sterols from oxidized LDL-loaded macrophages.

Although oxidized low-density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL) can accumulate in macrophages in vitro, generating cholesterol-loaded cells, little attention has been paid to the capacity of such macrophages loaded with OxLDL to export cholesterol and oxidized sterol moieties. In vitro lipid-loaded cells were generated by incubating primary cultures of mouse peritoneal macrophages with acetylated LDL (AcLDL) or OxLDL for 24 hours. The cellular content of native cholesterol, individual cholesteryl esters, and 7-ketocholesterol was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography. These cells were then incubated with medium containing apolipoprotein (apo) A-I and albumin or albumin alone for up to 24 hours; cholesterol and oxidized sterol efflux were measured both in terms of intracellular depletion and extracellular accumulation. Macrophages loaded with AcLDL accumulated cholesterol and large quantities of cholesteryl esters, whereas OxLDL-loaded cells accumulated cholesterol, a number of oxidized compounds (predominantly 7-ketocholesterol), and a relatively small quantity of cholesteryl esters. AcLDL-derived cells released approximately 50% of their total cholesterol (unesterified and esterified) to apo A-I-containing medium over 24 hours in the form of unesterified cholesterol, whereas OxLDL-derived cells released approximately 30% of their total cholesterol and 7% of their total content of 7-ketocholesterol over the same period. There was minimal efflux of any sterol in the absence of apo A-I. The proportions of cholesterol and 7-ketocholesterol released by either AcLDL- or OxLDL-loaded cells were not reduced by inhibiting cellular acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyl transferase using Sandoz 58-035, despite substantial alterations in the proportions of both free cholesterol and (in OxLDL-loaded cells) free 7-ketocholesterol in these cells.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Apolipoprotein A-I-mediated efflux of sterols from oxidized LDL-loaded macrophages. Kritharides, L., Jessup, W., Mander, E.L., Dean, R.T. Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol. (1995) [Pubmed]
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