The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha and IL-8 stimulate the motility but suppress the resorption of isolated rat osteoclasts.

Cells of the osteoblastic lineage play a major role in the regulation of osteoclastic bone resorption. Recent studies have demonstrated production of chemokines by osteoblastic cells. Although these phagocyte-stimulating and proinflammatory cytokines act as chemoattractants and activators for other members of the hemopoietic lineage, their actions on osteoclasts have not been characterized. We found that macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha (MIP-1 alpha) and IL-8 inhibited bone resorption by rat osteoclasts, primarily through reduction in the proportion of osteoclasts resorbing bone, a pattern of inhibition previously observed in response to macrophage CSF (M-CSF). MIP-2, RANTES, MIP-1 beta, and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 were without effect on resorption. MIP-1 alpha and IL-8, but not the other chemokines, also stimulated osteoclastic motility and increased the osteoclast spread area in a dose-dependent manner, over the same concentration range as that which inhibited bone resorption. In addition, MIP-1 alpha induced osteoclast orientation in a gradient of the chemokine, and stimulated osteoclast migration. We detected no effect of chemokines on osteoclast formation or survival. Our data suggest that chemokines can promote osteoclast orientation and migration, processes that might be involved in chemotaxis; it seems appropriate that resorptive functions should be suppressed during migration. Because chemokines are proinflammatory, their actions on osteoclasts might represent mechanisms by which bone resorption is modulated by the inflammatory process when this occurs in bone. However, given that chemokines are increasingly recognized to be multifunctional and that they are produced by cells of the osteoblastic lineage, they may also be components of the physiologic regulation of bone resorption.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities