The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Immunocytolocalization of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid oxidase in tomato and apple fruit.

The subcellular localization of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid oxidase ( ACC oxidase), an enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of ethylene, has been studied in ripening fruits of tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.). Two types of antibody have been raised against (i) a synthetic peptide derived from the reconstructed pTOM13 clone (pRC13), a tomato cDNA encoding ACC oxidase, and considered as a suitable epitope by secondary-structure predictions; and (ii) a fusion protein overproduced in Escherichia coli expressing the pRC13 cDNA. Immunoblot analysis showed that, when purified by antigen affinity chromatography, both types of antibody recognized a single band corresponding to ACC oxidase. Superimposition of Calcofluor white with immunofluorescence labeling, analysed by optical microscopy, indicated that ACC oxidase is located at the cell wall in the pericarp of breaker tomato and climacteric apple (Malus x domestica Borkh.) fruit. The apoplasmic location of the enzyme was also demonstrated by the observation of immunogold-labeled antibodies in this region by both optical and electron microscopy. Transgenic tomato fruits in which ACC-oxidase gene expression was inhibited by an antisense gene exhibited a considerable reduction of labeling. Immunocytological controls made with pre-immune serum or with antibodies pre-absorbed on their corresponding antigens gave no staining. The discrepancy between these findings and the targeting of the protein predicted from sequences of ACC-oxidase cDNA clones isolated so far is discussed.[1]


  1. Immunocytolocalization of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid oxidase in tomato and apple fruit. Rombaldi, C., Lelièvre, J.M., Latché, A., Petitprez, M., Bouzayen, M., Pech, J.C. Planta (1994) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities