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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Primate retroviruses: envelope glycoproteins of endogenous type C and type D viruses possess common interspecies antigenic determinants.

The major 70,000- to 80,000-molecular-weight envelope glycoproteins of the squirrel monkey retrovirus, Mason-Pfizer monkey virus, and M7 baboon virus and the related endogenous feline virus, RD114, were isolated and immunologically characterized. Immunoprecipitation and competition immunoassay analysis revealed these viral envelope glycoproteins to possess several distinct classes of immunological determinants. These include species-specific determinants, group-specific antigenic determinants unique to endogenous primate type C viruses, and group-specific determinants for type D viruses such as Mason-Pfizer monkey virus and squirrel monkey retrovirus. In addition, a class of broadly reactive antigenic determinants shared by envelope glycoproteins of both type C viruses of the baboon/RD114 group and type D viruses of the Mason-Pfizer monkey virus/squirrel monkey virus group are described. Other mammalian oncornaviruses tested, including isolates of nonprimate origin and representative type B viruses, lacked these determinants. The demonstration of antigenic determinants specific to envelope glycoproteins of type C and type D primate viruses indicates either that these viruses are evolutionarily related or that genetic recombination occurred between their progenitors. Alternatively, endogenous type D oncornaviruses may be replication defective, and acquisition of endogenous type C viral genetic sequences coding for envelope glycoprotein determinants may be necessary for their isolation as infectious virus.[1]


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