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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Non-peptide angiotensin agonist. Functional and molecular interaction with the AT1 receptor.

Non-peptide ligands for peptide receptors for the G-protein-coupled type are generally antagonists, except in the opiate system. Recently, it was observed that a subset of biphenylimidazole derivatives surprisingly possessed angiotensin-like activity in vivo. In COS-7 cells transfected with the rat AT1 receptor a prototype of these compounds, L-162,313 stimulated phosphoinositide hydrolysis with an EC50 of 33 +/- 11 nM. The maximal response to the compound was 50% of that of angiotensin II in COS-7 cells but only 3% in stably transfected Chinese hamster ovary cells. The agonistic effect of L-162,313 was blocked by the AT1-specific antagonist L-158,809 and was not observed in untransfected cells. In Chinese hamster ovary cells, L-162,313 also acted as an insurmountable antagonist of the angiotensin stimulated phosphoinositide hydrolysis. In contrast to previously tested non-peptide ligands, L-162,313 bound with reasonably high affinity to the Xenopus laevis AT1 receptor. In the human receptor, the binding of L-162,313 was found to be unaffected by point mutations in transmembrane segments III and VII, which impaired the binding of biphenylimidazole antagonists. Substitutions in the extracellular domains of the human and rat receptor, which impaired the binding of angiotensin II, did not affect the binding of L-162,313. It is concluded that a subset of biphenylimidazole compounds can act as high affinity partial agonists on the AT1 receptor. These compounds have molecular interactions with the receptor which appear to differ both from that of the structurally similar non-peptide antagonists and from that of their functional counterpart, the peptide agonist.[1]


  1. Non-peptide angiotensin agonist. Functional and molecular interaction with the AT1 receptor. Perlman, S., Schambye, H.T., Rivero, R.A., Greenlee, W.J., Hjorth, S.A., Schwartz, T.W. J. Biol. Chem. (1995) [Pubmed]
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