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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Human eosinophils migrate across an intestinal epithelium in response to platelet-activating factor.

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Transmigration of eosinophils across intestinal epithelia occurs in a variety of mucosal inflammatory disorders and results in the formation of crypt abscesses containing eosinophils. However, the conditions required to drive transepithelial migration of eosinophils are not understood. METHODS: This study investigated eosinophil migration across intestinal epithelia using purified eosinophils and confluent monolayers of the human intestinal epithelial cell line T84. RESULTS: Unactivated eosinophils (i.e., no granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor [GM-CSF] preexposure) did not migrate across T84 monolayers in the presence of transepithelial gradients of C5a, n-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP), or platelet-activating factor (PAF). In contrast, activation of eosinophils by coincubation or pretreatment with GM-CSF enabled transepithelial migration in response to PAF but not to C5a or fMLP gradients in a time- and dose-dependent fashion. Specificity was confirmed by both the PAF receptor antagonist WEB-2086 and the PAF enantiomer 2-lyso-beta-acetyl-gamma-O-hexadecyl. Finally, addition of functionally inhibitory monoclonal antibodies to CD11b but not CD11a, very late activation antigen (VLA-4), or intracellular adhesion molecule 1 inhibited eosinophil migration. CONCLUSIONS: These studies establish that physiologically directed migration of eosinophils across model epithelia occurs but that this process is governed by the state of eosinophil activation, the specific chemotactic gradient imposed, and the availability of specific surface integrins to participate in putative eosinophil-epithelial adhesion steps.[1]


  1. Human eosinophils migrate across an intestinal epithelium in response to platelet-activating factor. Resnick, M.B., Colgan, S.P., Parkos, C.A., Delp-Archer, C., McGuirk, D., Weller, P.F., Madara, J.L. Gastroenterology (1995) [Pubmed]
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