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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Retinoic acid prevents downregulation of ras recision gene/lysyl oxidase early in adipocyte differentiation.

Adipocyte differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells is a complex process which is inhibited by retinoic acid (RA). Since RA acts by nuclear receptors which directly regulate gene expression, we postulate that the primary targets of RA action in this system are genes which are regulated early in adipose conversion. In this study, we demonstrate the use of the differential display technique to search for early events in adipose commitment which are sensitive to RA. A mRNA was identified on the basis of its RA-dependent gene expression 24 h after initiation of a standard differentiation protocol. Molecular cloning of the cDNA revealed it to be identical to the ras recision gene (rrg), for lysyl oxidase. Indeed, two mRNAs identical to those recognized by lysyl oxidase probes were expressed in preadipocytes and tandemly repressed with 24 h of exposure to differentiation conditions. Lysyl oxidase activity was similarly reduced in the media of differentiated cells. RA completely blocked the differ-entiation-related reduction in rrg/lysyl oxidase gene expression, although RA had no independent stimulatory effect on rrg/lysyl oxidase expression in cells not exposed to differentiating conditions. Thus, differential display has been successfully used to identify rrg/lysyl oxidase as an early marker for adipose conversion that is responsive to RA.[1]


  1. Retinoic acid prevents downregulation of ras recision gene/lysyl oxidase early in adipocyte differentiation. Dimaculangan, D.D., Chawla, A., Boak, A., Kagan, H.M., Lazar, M.A. Differentiation (1994) [Pubmed]
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