The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Estradiol reduction of the agonist high affinity form of the alpha 2-adrenoceptor in the hypothalamus of female rats: identification as the alpha 2D subtype.

These studies examined which alpha 2-adrenoceptor subtype is expressed in the hypothalamus and preoptic area and the influence of estradiol administration on alpha 2-adrenoceptors in the hypothalamus of female rats. The alpha 2-adrenoceptor antagonist [3H] RX821002 bound to a single site in hypothalamus, preoptic area, and cortex membranes, with high affinity and low nonspecific binding, as determined by Scatchard and kinetic binding analyses. Competition for [3H]RX821002 binding in the hypothalamus and preoptic area by various noradrenergic agonists and antagonists revealed a unique pharmacological specificity with a high degree of similarity to that of the alpha 2D-adrenoceptor. Norepinephrine displacement of [3H]RX821002 binding in hypothalamic membranes from ovariectomized animals was monophasic and characterized by high affinity. In contrast, norepinephrine competition for [3H]RX821002 binding sites in the hypothalamus from rats exposed to estradiol for 48 hr was biphasic, and norepinephrine bound to both a high (18%) and a low (82%) affinity site in these membranes. Thus, the formation of agonist high affinity alpha 2D-adrenoceptor complexes was inhibited by prior exposure to estrogen. In both control and estradiol-exposed hypothalamic membranes, 100 microM 5'-guanylylimidodiphosphate [Gpp(NH)p] converted the norepinephrine competition curves to ones characterized by monophasic, low affinity binding. In addition, binding of the full alpha 2-adrenoceptor agonist [3H]UK-14,304 in the hypothalamus and preoptic area of female rats was concentration-dependently diminished by Gpp(NH)p treatment. Complete loss of [3H]UK-14,304 binding was effected by 100 microM Gpp(NH)p. This suggests that [3H]UK-14,304 may be useful in labeling the agonist high affinity state of alpha 2-adrenoceptors. Decreasing the incubation temperature in saturation studies from 25 degrees to 0 degrees increased [3H]UK-14,304 binding in hypothalamic membranes of control rats but not in membranes from estradiol-treated rats. Estradiol treatment for 48 hr decreased [3H]UK-14,304 binding in hypothalamic membranes by 34% (0 degrees) to 60% (25 degrees), without changing the Kd. These results suggest that the alpha 2D-adrenoceptor is the predominant subtype in the hypothalamus and preoptic area of female rats and that estradiol treatment markedly reduces the number of alpha 2D-adrenoceptors in the agonist high affinity state.[1]

References

 
WikiGenes - Universities