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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Persistence of glucose residues on core oligosaccharides prevents association of TCR alpha and TCR beta proteins with calnexin and results specifically in accelerated degradation of nascent TCR alpha proteins within the endoplasmic reticulum.

The alpha beta T-cell antigen receptor (TCR) is a multisubunit transmembrane complex composed of at least six different proteins (alpha, beta, gamma, delta, epsilon and zeta) that are assembled in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). In this report we have examined the role of oligosaccharide processing on survival and assembly of nascent TCR proteins within the ER and their associations with molecular chaperone proteins important in TCR assembly. We found that treatment of BW5147 T cells with the glucosidase inhibitor castanospermine resulted in markedly accelerated degradation of nascent TCR alpha proteins with a half-life of approximately 20 min. Accelerated degradation was unique to TCR alpha proteins, as the stability of nascent TCR beta and CD3 gamma,epsilon chains was unaltered. Consistent with a requirement for glucose (Glc) trimming for survival of nascent TCR alpha proteins within the ER, we found that newly synthesized TCR alpha chains were innately unstable in the glucosidase II-deficient BW5147 mutant cell line PHAR2. 7. In addition to destabilizing nascent TCR alpha proteins we found that persistence of Glc residues on core oligosaccharides markedly interfered with association of both TCR alpha and TCR beta glycoproteins with the molecular chaperone calnexin. Finally, using 2B4 T hybridoma cells in which TCR complexes are efficiently assembled, we found that rapid degradation of nascent TCR alpha proteins induced by impaired Glc trimming severely limits assembly of TCR alpha proteins with TCR beta proteins.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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