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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The role of apterous in the control of dorsoventral compartmentalization and PS integrin gene expression in the developing wing of Drosophila.

During the development of Drosophila appendages from imaginal discs lineage restrictions appear that prevent dividing cells from crossing between regionally distinct compartments. These compartments correspond not only to regions of cell lineage restrictions but also to regions of specific gene expression. When compartments were first discovered, it was proposed that their formation relied on compartment-specific 'selector' gene activity; engrailed is thought to play such a role for the early-arising anterior-posterior restriction. Recent results suggest that the dorsally expressed transcription factor encoded by apterous may control dorsoventral identity in the wing. In this study we use mosaic analysis to show that apterous maintains the late-arising dorsoventral lineage restriction in a manner that strongly supports the selector gene hypothesis: loss of apterous function from dorsal cells after the formation of the boundary causes them to cross into the ventral compartment. Moreover, we show that apterous plays a role controlling patterns of gene expression in the developing wing disc. The PS1 and PS2 integrins are normally expressed in primarily dorsal-specific and ventral-specific patterns, respectively. We show that ectopic expression of apterous induces ectopic ventral expression of PS1 integrin and alpha PS1 mRNA, while loss of apterous can induce the ectopic dorsal expression of PS2 integrin. Thus, apterous plays a selector-like role both in terms of the control of lineage restrictions and the regulation of downstream gene expression.[1]


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