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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Abl protein-tyrosine kinase selects the Crk adapter as a substrate using SH3-binding sites.

To understand the normal and oncogenic functions of the protein-tyrosine kinase Abl, the yeast two-hybrid system has been used for identifying proteins that interact with it. One interacting protein is Crk-I, an SH3/SH2-containing adapter protein that was originally identified as the oncogenic element in the avian sarcoma virus CT10. Direct interaction between the Crk-I SH3 and Abl at novel, approximately 10 amino acid sites just carboxy-terminal to the Abl kinase domain occurs in vitro and in mammalian cells. There is a nearby site specific for binding another adapter, Nck, and these sites also bind Grb-2. When bound to Abl, Crk-I was phosphorylated on tyrosine. Thus, the SH3-binding sites on Abl serve as substrate recognition sites for the relatively nonspecific kinase of Abl. In Crk-I-transformed cells, Crk-I associates with endogenous c-Abl and is phosphorylated on tyrosine. The association of Crk and Abl suggests that Abl could play a role in v-Crk and Crk-I transformation and that normal Abl function may be partly mediated through bound adapter molecules.[1]


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