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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Interleukin-1 alpha is released during transfection of keratinocytes.

Keratinocytes are known to produce, store, and release IL-1 alpha and therefore we suspected that the DNA-mediated cell transfection procedure may release the stored IL-1 alpha from keratinocytes into the medium. Using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, we determined the IL-1 alpha concentration in culture supernatants during keratinocyte transfection. The following transfection methods were compared: lipofection with lipofectACE and lipofectAMINE (GIBCO), Ca3(PO4)2 co-precipitation, and polybrene-dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO). The supernatants were collected immediately prior to transfection, after 5-h incubation with lipofectin or Ca3(PO4)2, and 24 and 48 h after transfection. In the polybrene-DMSO method, the supernatant was also collected immediately before and after DMSO shock. LipofectAMINE caused the highest release of IL-1 alpha, whereas the lipofectACE and polybrene-DMSO mediated transfection with confluent cells released the least. The other two methods released intermediate levels of IL-1 alpha. Our data indicate that a substantial amount of IL-1 alpha is released during the keratinocyte transfection procedure, which can affect the results of transfection in studies of gene expression.[1]


  1. Interleukin-1 alpha is released during transfection of keratinocytes. Komine, M., Freedberg, I.M., Blumenberg, M. J. Invest. Dermatol. (1994) [Pubmed]
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