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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Essential histidine at the active site of sorghum leaf NADP-dependent malate dehydrogenase.

Chloroplastic NADP-dependent malate dehydrogenase (NADP-MDH) is a key enzyme in the photosynthetic CO2 fixation pathway of C4-plants. The presence of a histidine at its active site has been proposed, based on sequence alignment with nonchloroplastic NAD-dependent malate dehydrogenases. In order to investigate this hypothesis, the effect of diethylpyrocarbonate on the sorghum leaf enzyme has been tested. Diethylpyrocarbonate strongly inhibited NADP-MDH activity, its effect being dramatically decreased in the presence of substrates and reversed by hydroxylamine. When diethylpyrocarbonate-inactivated NADP-MDH was cleaved with trypsin, one peptide with increased absorbance at 240 nm was detected. Sequencing of this peptide and analysis by mass spectrometry demonstrated that histidine 229 was modified by diethylpyrocarbonate. This amino acid was changed to an alanine by site-directed mutagenesis, and the modified protein was produced in Escherichia coli. It was similar to the plant enzyme except that it was totally inactive. Taken together, these results indicate that His229 is an essential residue in the active site of sorghum NADP-MDH.[1]


  1. Essential histidine at the active site of sorghum leaf NADP-dependent malate dehydrogenase. Lemaire, M., Schmitter, J.M., Issakidis, E., Miginiac-Maslow, M., Gadal, P., Decottignies, P. J. Biol. Chem. (1994) [Pubmed]
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