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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Capillary electrophoresis with chiral selectors: optimization of separation and determination of thermodynamic parameters for binding of tioconazole enantiomers to cyclodextrins.

A systematic approach is outlined for optimization of enantiomeric separations in free solution capillary electrophoresis using chiral mobile-phase additives. Maximum electrophoretic mobility difference between the enantiomers occurs when the concentration of free selector is equal to the reciprocal of the average binding constant. General equations and data analysis methods are presented to relate mobilities to equilibrium constants in simple and competitive binding equilibria and used to determine thermodynamic parameters for host-guest complexation of tioconazole enantiomers with a range of cyclodextrin selectors. Selectivities are found to be in the reverse order of binding constants in the series dimethyl-beta-cyclodextrin (K1 = 6.9 x 10(3) M-1, alpha = 1.10) to hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (K1 = 0.72 x 10(3) M-1, alpha = 1.29). For beta-cyclodextrin (K1 = 1.32 x 10(3)M-1, alpha = 1.20), delta H zero provides the dominant contribution to binding but delta delta H zero and T delta delta S zero terms give comparable contributions to the selectivity. Addition of alcohol does not affect the selectivity, but allows displacement of the optimum separation conditions to higher cyclodextrin concentration through either competitive binding (with cyclohexanol) or preferential solvation of reactants (with methanol).[1]


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