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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Alpha 2-autoreceptor subclassification in rat isolated kidney by use of short trains of electrical stimulation.

1 Rat kidneys were perfused with Krebs-Henseleit solution and incubated with [3H]-noradrenaline. The renal nerves were electrically stimulated at either 1 Hz for 30 s or 100 Hz for 0.06 s. The stimulation induced (S-I) outflow of radioactivity was taken as an index of endogenous noradrenaline release. 2 At a frequency of 1 Hz for 30 s the alpha-adrenoceptor antagonists BRL 44408 (0.01, 0.1 microM) and imiloxan (0.1, 1.0 microM) enhanced S-I outflow of radioactivity. However, at a frequency of 100 Hz for 0.06 s the alpha-adrenoceptor antagonists, idazoxan (0.1, 1.0 microM), imiloxan (0.1, 1.0 microM), BRL 44408 (0.1, 1.0 microM), BRL 41992 (0.1, 1.0 microM) and prazosin (0.01 microM) failed to enhance S-I outflow of radioactivity. 3 Thus, the rat isolated kidney stimulated at 100 Hz for 0.06 s, avoids autoinhibition by endogenous noradrenaline and alpha-adrenoceptor antagonist affinities (pKB) at the prejunctional alpha-autoreceptor were estimated without disturbance by the endogenous activator. 4 The alpha 2-adrenoceptor agonist, clonidine, inhibited the S-I outflow of radioactivity with a maximum of 90% and an EC50 of 7.2 nM. 5 All alpha-adrenoceptor antagonists used caused parallel shifts of the concentration-response curve for clonidine to the right. The rank order of potencies was: rauwolscine (alpha 2A/B) > idazoxan (alpha 2A/B) > phentolamine (alpha 2A/B) > WB 4101 (alpha 2A) > BRL 44408 (alpha 2A) > BRL 41992 (alpha 2B) > prazosin (alpha 2B) = imiloxan (alpha 2B).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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