The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Phosphorylation of the Ras nucleotide exchange factor son of sevenless by mitogen-activated protein kinase.

Son of sevenless-1 and -2 (Sos-1 and -2) are guanosine nucleotide exchange factors implicated in the activation of Ras by both the insulin and epidermal growth factor signal transduction pathways. Ras appears to function by initiating the activation of cellular protein kinases including mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases. Sos proteins contain numerous sequences in their carboxyl-terminal regions which correspond to consensus sites for MAP kinase phosphorylation. To examine whether these sites are substrates for MAP kinases, the cDNA encoding Drosophila Sos (dSos) was tagged with sequences encoding the major antigenic epitope of the influenza virus hemagglutinin (HA) to create a dSosHA fusion construct. dSosHA was transiently expressed in COS-1 cells and immunoprecipitated with anti-HA antibodies. When immune complexes were incubated with purified MAP kinase and [gamma-32P]ATP, a phosphorylated band of 180 kDa was observed when analyzed by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. This band was not present in immunoprecipitations from cells transfected with vector alone. No phosphorylation of the 180 kDa band was seen when immunoprecipitates were incubated with [gamma-32P]ATP in the absence of MAP kinase. Two dimensional analysis of tryptic peptides from dSosHA phosphorylated by MAP kinase in vitro revealed two major phosphorylated species that were also found in dSosHA isolated from COS-1 cells labeled with 32Pi. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that a feedback loop exists wherein growth factor-activated MAP kinases phosphorylate and regulate Sos proteins.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities