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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Overexpression of a truncated growth hormone receptor in the sex-linked dwarf chicken: evidence for a splice mutation.

Sex-linked dwarfism in chickens is a form of GH resistance that resembles the Laron syndrome in humans. The dwarfism found in chickens is due to a mutant gene (dw) carried on the sex chromosome. The homozygous dwarf (dwdw) chicken is characterized by reductions in stature and plasma insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) levels. Despite the absence of hepatic GH-binding activity, Southern blot analysis shows that there is no gross structural change in the gene for the GH receptor (GHR) in this strain of dwdw chicken. GH-dependent IGF-I production can be restored in cultured dwdw hepatocytes after transfection and transient expression of a chicken GHR (cGHR) cDNA, indicating that other factors that participate in GH-mediated IGF-I synthesis are intact. Northern blot analysis of liver, muscle, fat, and pituitary RNA from normal (DwDw) chickens shows a major transcript of 4.3 kilobases (kb) and three minor transcripts (0.8, 1.7, and 3.2 kb), which correspond to the cGHR. In contrast, the 0.8-kb transcript is the major cGHR transcript expressed in these tissues from dwdw chickens. Northern blot analysis with domain-specific probes shows that the 0.8-kb transcript in DwDw and dwdw liver contains only a small portion of the extracellular domain of the cGHR. A cDNA clone encoding this transcript has been isolated from a liver library prepared from a normal chicken.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Overexpression of a truncated growth hormone receptor in the sex-linked dwarf chicken: evidence for a splice mutation. Huang, N., Cogburn, L.A., Agarwal, S.K., Marks, H.L., Burnside, J. Mol. Endocrinol. (1993) [Pubmed]
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