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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Influence of age on cyclosporin A-induced alterations in bone mineral metabolism in the rat in vivo.

Cyclosporin A (CsA) administered to actively growing young rats produces a high-turnover osteopenia. We investigated and compared the effect of CsA on the bone mineral metabolism in young rats with that of older rats, which have a lower rate of bone turnover. A group of 24 young (9 weeks) and 24 older (9 months) male Sprague-Dawley rats were orally administered 15 mg/kg of CsA or placebo daily for 24 days. Rats were weighed and serum assayed serially for bone gla protein ( BGP), parathyroid hormone, ionized calcium, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25-(OH)2D]. After sacrifice, histomorphometric analysis was performed on undecalcified proximal tibial metaphysis with double-fluorescent labeling. Serum BGP levels were significantly elevated in both young and older rats administered CsA, and 1,25-(OH)2D levels were significantly elevated in CsA-treated young rats more than in older rats. Body weight was significantly reduced in CsA-treated older rats. There were mild but significant alterations in renal function in both groups receiving CsA. In the most comprehensive examination to date of the effects of CsA on bone histomorphometry, both young (-44%) and older rats (-20%) lost significant amounts of trabecular bone compared to their respective controls. Bone loss in young rats was mainly due to a reduced number of trabecular; older rats lost mainly trabecular thickness. Microanatomic nodal studies were consistent with these results. These data demonstrate that although cancellous bone loss induced by CsA is more marked in young rats, older rats with slower bone turnover are also at risk.[1]


  1. Influence of age on cyclosporin A-induced alterations in bone mineral metabolism in the rat in vivo. Katz, I., Li, M., Joffe, I., Stein, B., Jacobs, T., Liang, X.G., Ke, H.Z., Jee, W., Epstein, S. J. Bone Miner. Res. (1994) [Pubmed]
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