The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A mutation of the mu transmembrane that disrupts endoplasmic reticulum retention. Effects on association with accessory proteins and signal transduction.

The mu heavy chain has an unusually high content of hydroxyl-containing amino acids in its membrane-spanning region. We have examined the involvement of two of these hydrophilic residues in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) retention, interactions with Ig-alpha/Ig-beta, and transmembrane signaling. Neighboring tyrosine and serine residues were mutated to either phenylalanine and alanine (mutant YS/ FA) or valine and valine (mutant YS/VV). Membrane Ig (mIgM) molecules containing these mutant mu chains were expressed on the surface of transfected B lymphoma cells. Anti-Ig-induced signaling by the YS/ FA mutant mIgM was equivalent to wild-type (wt) mIgM, whereas signaling by the YS/VV mutant mIgM was notably diminished. Association between mutant YS/VV mIgM and Ig-alpha/Ig-beta was detectable but reduced in comparison to YS/ FA or wt mIgM. Signaling by YS/VV mutant mIgM appeared to involve Ig-alpha/Ig-beta, because these proteins were tyrosine phosphorylated on receptor cross-linking. When YS/VV and wt mu chains were cotransfected with light chains into nonlymphoid cells, mutant mIgM was expressed at the cell surface in the absence of Ig-alpha/Ig-beta, whereas wt mIgM was not. These data suggest that the mutated residues contribute to ER retention and directly or indirectly to association with Ig-alpha/Ig-beta. Moreover, ER retention can be disrupted without preventing functional association with Ig-alpha/Ig-beta. In addition, these data indicate that the hydroxyl groups of the mutated residues are not required for functional association between mu and Ig-alpha/Ig-beta because their removal did not reduce the ability of the YS/ FA mutant mIgM to associate with accessory proteins or to participate in signal transduction.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities