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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Biosynthesis of platelet-activating factor and its 1O-acyl analogue by liver fat-storing cells.

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Platelet-activating factor (PAF) is an important mediator of proinflammatory cell-to-cell interactions with powerful vasoactive properties. We evaluated the biosynthesis of PAF by cultured human fat-storing cells (FSC), liver-specific pericytes involved in the inflammatory and fibrogenic process of liver tissue. METHODS: PAF synthesis was evaluated by measuring [3H]acetate incorporation under basal conditions and upon stimulation with A23187, thrombin, and lipopolysaccharide. Further analysis of PAF species synthesized by FSC was performed using gas chromatography/ mass spectrometry. RESULTS: All stimuli induced a significant increase of basal PAF synthesis by FSC. Further analysis showed that > 50% of the newly synthesized PAF species was secreted whereas the remaining fraction was cell-associated. PAF species produced by FSC were able to induce aggregation of rabbit washed platelets with an effectiveness correspondent to 10(-9) mol/L authentic PAF. Gas chromatography/ mass spectrometry analysis revealed that a large percentage (74%) of PAF-like lipids synthesized by FSC consisted of 1O-acyl PAF. Finally, stimulation of FSC with PAF caused an increase in cytosolic free calcium, thus suggesting a possible involvement of this pericyte in the well-known effects of PAF on portal pressure. CONCLUSIONS: These results expand the available knowledge concerning the role of PAF in conditions characterized by extensive activation and damage of the liver sinusoidal endothelium and decreased hepatic scavenger activity.[1]

References

  1. Biosynthesis of platelet-activating factor and its 1O-acyl analogue by liver fat-storing cells. Pinzani, M., Carloni, V., Marra, F., Riccardi, D., Laffi, G., Gentilini, P. Gastroenterology (1994) [Pubmed]
 
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