The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Acute hemodynamic effects of adjustable atrial septal defect closure in the lateral tunnel Fontan procedure.

OBJECTIVES. This study evaluated the acute hemodynamic changes with atrial septal defect closure in the postoperative period in patients undergoing the Fontan procedure. BACKGROUND. The adjustable atrial septal defect is a modification of the Fontan procedure designed to improve cardiac output and reduce systemic venous hypertension during the postoperative period. Limited information is available on the effects of inter-atrial shunting on the physiology of direct cavopulmonary connection. METHODS. In 11 patients (aged 9 months to 14.5 years), the atrial septal defect was closed 8 h to 4.6 days (mean 1.7 days) postoperatively. Indications for closure included mean right atrial pressure < 15 mm Hg or arterial oxygen saturation < 80%, or both. RESULTS. Data presented are mean values +/- 1 SD. Mean right atrial pressure was 13.4 +/- 3.0 mm Hg on admission to the intensive care unit, 10.0 +/- 2.0 mm Hg (p = 0.02) immediately before closure and 11.4 +/- 2.8 mm Hg (p = 0.02) after closure. There was a significant decrease in cardiac output, as calculated from arteriovenous oxygen saturation difference (26 +/- 9%, p = 0.003), Doppler aortic flow (19 +/- 9%, p = 0.0002) and ventricular volumes by two-dimensional echocardiography (20 +/- 8%, p = 0.0001). Arterial oxygen saturation increased from 82 +/- 5% to 94 +/- 4% (p = 0.0001), and arteriovenous oxygen saturation difference increased from 25 +/- 8% to 33 +/- 9% (p = 0.0001). Systemic oxygen delivery decreased from 727 +/- 354 to 655 +/- 325 ml/min per m2 (p = 0.02). One patient required reopening of the atrial septal defect. CONCLUSIONS. These data demonstrate that a controlled right to left atrial shunt improves cardiac output and systemic oxygen delivery and facilitates the postoperative management of patients after the Fontan procedure. Atrial septal defect closure increases systemic saturation to normal values and prevents potential systemic embolization but significantly decreases oxygen delivery and might limit exercise tolerance.[1]


  1. Acute hemodynamic effects of adjustable atrial septal defect closure in the lateral tunnel Fontan procedure. Harake, B., Kuhn, M.A., Jarmakani, J.M., Laks, H., al-Khatib, Y., Elami, A., Williams, R.G. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. (1994) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities