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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Probing the active site of cytoplasmic aldehyde dehydrogenase with a chromophoric reporter group.

3,4-Dihydro-3-methyl-6-nitro-2H-1,3-benzoxazin-2-one ('DMNB') reacts with cytoplasmic aldehyde dehydrogenase in a similar way to that previously observed with the structurally related p-nitrophenyl dimethylcarbamate, but provides a covalently linked p-nitrophenol-containing reporter group at the enzyme's active site. The pKa of the enzyme-linked reporter group is much higher than that of free p-nitrophenol, which is consistent with its being in a very hydrophobic environment, or possibly one containing negative charge. Upon binding of NAD+ to the modified enzyme, the pKa falls dramatically, by about 4 1/2 pH units. This implies that under these conditions there is a positive charge near the p-nitrophenoxide moiety, perhaps that of the nicotinamide ring of NAD+. The modified enzyme binds NAD+ very tightly; neither gel filtration nor dialysis is effective in separating them. However, the reporter group provides a convenient way of monitoring the displacement of this bound NAD+ when NADH is added.[1]


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