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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cloning of a novel, ubiquitously expressed human phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and identification of its binding site on p85.

Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) has been implicated as a participant in signaling pathways regulating cell growth by virtue of its activation in response to various mitogenic stimuli. Here we describe the cloning of a novel and ubiquitously expressed human PI 3-kinase. The 4.8-kb cDNA encodes a putative translation product of 1,070 amino acids which is 42% identical to bovine PI 3-kinase and 28% identical to Vps34, a Saccharomyces cerevisiae PI 3-kinase involved in vacuolar protein sorting. Human PI 3-kinase is also similar to Tor2, a yeast protein required for cell cycle progression. Northern (RNA) analysis demonstrated expression of human PI 3-kinase in all tissues and cell lines tested. Protein synthesized from an epitope-tagged cDNA had intrinsic PI 3-kinase activity and associated with the adaptor 85-kDa subunit of PI 3-kinase ( p85) in intact cells, as did endogenous human PI 3-kinase. Coprecipitation assays showed that a 187-amino-acid domain between the two src homology 2 domains of p85 mediates interaction with PI 3-kinase in vitro and in intact cells. These results demonstrate the existence of different PI 3-kinase isoforms and define a family of genes encoding distinct PI 3-kinase catalytic subunits that can associate with p85.[1]


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