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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Regulation of asialoglycoprotein receptor activity by a novel inactivation/reactivation cycle. Receptor reactivation in permeable rat hepatocytes is mediated by fatty acyl coenzyme A.

We previously reported that a subpopulation of asialoglycoprotein receptors (ASGP-Rs), designated State 2 ASGP-Rs, can be inactivated in digitonin-permeabilized hepatocytes in the absence of cytosol by a process that is temperature- and ATP-dependent (Medh, J. D., and Weigel, P. H. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266, 8771-8778). Here we show that these inactivated ASGP-Rs are reactivated by the sole addition of fatty acyl-CoA. Of the derivatives tested (acyl chain length 4-18), palmitoyl-CoA was the most effective, although stearoyl-CoA ( C18) and myristoyl-CoA ( C14) were also active. Lauroyl-CoA (C12) was about half as effective as palmitoyl-CoA, and decanoyl-CoA ( C10) and butyl-CoA (C4) were inactive. ASGP-R reactivation did not take place in the presence of free palmitate and coenzyme A, but did occur if low levels of ATP were also added to drive palmitoyl-CoA synthesis by the permeable cells. Addition of ATP after ASGP-R reactivation with palmitoyl-CoA again resulted in a rapid inactivation of these receptors. The extent and rate of this second ASGP-R inactivation process were proportional to ATP concentration; half-maximal effects occurred at approximately 0.5 mM ATP. ATP also rapidly reversed the ASGP-R reactivation seen with the other fatty acyl-CoAs. The results demonstrate the existence of a previously unrecognized pathway that regulates the activity of the ASGP-R population responsible for the majority of ligand endocytosis and processing in hepatocytes. This novel receptor inactivation/reaction cycle could ensure the high efficiency of segregating ligand and receptor during endocytosis and receptor recycling.[1]


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