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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization of regulatory mutations causing anaerobic derepression of the sodA gene in Escherichia coli K12: cooperation between cis- and trans-acting regulatory loci.

The genetic loci leading to anaerobic derepression of a sodA::lacZ protein fusion in a UV-generated mutant strain (UV14) of Escherichia coli were identified. The mutant (UV14) was found to harbour two altered loci: one is in the trans-regulatory gene fnr (fumarate nitrate reduction) where leucine-129 was changed to glutamine (fnr14), and the second (sodA14) is in the promoter region (cis) of the sodA gene apparently affecting the binding of the Fur (ferric uptake regulation) protein. Introduction of an fnr+ gene into UV14 restored anaerobic repression of sodA::lacZ and restored the ability of the cells to reduce nitrate. However, when either the fnr14 or the sodA14 mutation was introduced into an otherwise wild-type background, only slight anaerobic derepression of sodA was observed. When both the cis- and trans-acting mutations (i.e. sodA14 and fnr14) were combined simultaneously in an otherwise wild-type background, the specific activity of sodA::lacZ expression was comparable to that of the original mutant strain (UV14). Furthermore, a genetically confirmed fur fnr double mutant was also similarly derepressed in anaerobic sodA::lacZ expression. The data presented suggest that the cis-mutation in UV14 (sodA14) affects the Fur-binding site in the sodA promoter, while having no effect on Fnr or Arc mediated repression. Also, a second putative Fnr-binding site that straddles the ribosomal binding-site was identified in the sodA gene.[1]


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