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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Alteration of growth yield by overexpression of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase in Escherichia coli.

Phosphoenolpyruvate and oxaloacetate are key intermediates at the junction between catabolism and biosynthesis. Alteration of carbon flow at these branch points will affect the growth yield and the formation of products. We attempted to modulate the metabolic flow between phosphoenolpyruvate and oxaloacetate by overexpressing phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase from a multicopy plasmid under the control of the tac promoter. It was found that overexpression of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase decreased the rates of glucose consumption and organic acid excretion, but the growth and respiration rates remained unchanged. Consequently, the growth yield on glucose was improved. This result indicates that the wild-type level of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase is not optimal for the most efficient glucose utilization in batch cultures. On the other hand, overexpression of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase increased glucose consumption and decreased oxygen consumption relative to those levels required for growth. Therefore, the growth yield on glucose was reduced because of a higher rate of fermentation product excretion. These data provide useful insights into the regulation of central metabolism and facilitate further manipulation of pathways for metabolite production.[1]


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