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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Induction of TNF alpha and TNF beta gene expression in rat cardiac transplants during allograft rejection.

The expression of the cytotoxic cytokines tumor necrosis factor alpha and TNF beta or lymphotoxin (LT) was assessed in rat cardiac transplants during rejection. Newborn rat cardiac grafts placed in adult rat ear pinnae were retrieved on days 1 through 10 posttransplantation; the average time to rejection, assessed by the absence of detectable electrocardiographic activity, was determined to be 7 days. Total cellular RNA and tissue homogenates were prepared from cardiac transplants in order that relative levels of TNF alpha and LT mRNA and TNF protein could be determined. A biphasic pattern of TNF alpha gene expression was consistently seen in cardiac allografts. TNF alpha mRNA transcripts were detected as early as day 2 post-tx, with peak levels appearing on day 3 post-tx. Although transcript levels decreased by day 4, a significant increase appeared again on day 6 post-tx, coincident with the onset of rejection. Similar to TNF alpha gene expression, LT transcripts demonstrated a biphasic pattern of induction. LT mRNA transcripts also reached peak levels on day 3 post-tx, with a second increase in transcript levels coincident with rejection. TNF protein levels in allografts displayed a biphasic pattern, similar to that shown by the cytokine mRNAs. Peak levels of TNF protein were detected on day 3 post-tx, with a second increase again coinciding with rejection. In contrast to TNF expression found in allografts, TNF alpha and LT mRNA transcripts were not detected in isografts on days 1 through 10 post-tx. TNF protein levels in cardiac isografts were consistently at or below the standard limits of detection, and on days 3 through 7 post-tx were significantly reduced (P < or = 0.001) when compared with time-matched allografts. Increased expression of the cytotoxic cytokines TNF alpha and LT, therefore, appears to be allograft-specific and is an early event during rat cardiac allograft rejection. In conclusion, induction of TNF gene expression may be an important early indicator of transplant rejection.[1]

References

  1. Induction of TNF alpha and TNF beta gene expression in rat cardiac transplants during allograft rejection. Pizarro, T.T., Malinowska, K., Kovacs, E.J., Clancy, J., Robinson, J.A., Piccinini, L.A. Transplantation (1993) [Pubmed]
 
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