The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of catechol-O-methyltransferase inhibitors and L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine with or without carbidopa on extracellular dopamine in rat striatum.

The effects of two new catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) inhibitors, OR-611 and Ro 40-7592, in combination with L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-dopa) with or without carbidopa on extracellular levels of dopamine (DA), 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), homovanillic acid (HVA), 3-O-methyldopa (3-OMD), and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid in rat striatum were studied. A dose of 10 mg/kg i.p. of Ro 40-7592 alone, in contrast to the same dose of OR-611, decreased the dialysate level of HVA and increased that of DOPAC; this dose was thus used to differentiate between the effects of central and peripheral COMT inhibition. L-Dopa (50 mg/kg i.p.) alone slightly increased extracellular levels of DA, DOPAC, and HVA. The effects of L-dopa were potentiated by carbidopa (50 mg/kg i.p.), and even 3-OMD levels in dialysate samples became detectable. Both OR-611 and Ro 40-7592 significantly further increased the DA and DOPAC efflux from striatum produced by L-dopa. This increase was more pronounced when carbidopa was added to the treatment. OR-611 did not modify the effect of L-dopa or carbidopa/L-dopa on dialysate HVA levels, whereas Ro 40-7592 markedly reduced those levels. Both OR-611 and Ro 40-7592 very clearly suppressed dialysate 3-OMD levels produced by carbidopa/L-dopa. Ro 40-7592 was more effective than OR-611 in potentiating the effects of L-dopa or carbidopa/L-dopa. These in vivo data show that the new COMT inhibitors markedly inhibit the O-methylation of L-dopa and increase its availability to brain, which is reflected as increased DA formation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


WikiGenes - Universities