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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibition and induction of cytochrome P450 isoenzymes in rat lung.

The O-dealkylation of pentoxyresorufin, a substrate for P450 2B1, was decreased in lung microsomes from rats dosed with O,O,S-trimethylphosphorodithioate, O,O,O-trimethylphosphorothioate, bromophos, fenitrothion, p-xylene and 2,4-dichloro-(6-phenylphonoxy)ethylamine. This activity was decreased by antibodies to P450 2B1 but unaffected by antibodies to P450 1A1 or 4B1. This reduction reflected both inactivation and destruction of P450 2B1; destruction of this protein was particularly marked after bromophos and fenitrothion. Pyrazole was the only compound in this study to induce the O-dealkylation of pentoxyresorufin. None of these compounds altered the rate of ethoxyresorufin O-dealkylation, an indicator of P450 1A1 activity, but this activity was induced greatly by both Aroclor and beta-naphthoflavone, p-Xylene was the only compound to decrease P450 4B1 activity, as determined by the N-hydroxylation of 2-aminofluorene. In the liver, bromophos, fenitrothion, p-xylene and 2,4-dichloro-(6-phenylphonoxy)ethylamine all had marked effects on the O-dealkylation of ethoxyresorufin and pentoxyresorufin but, at the dose used, O,O,O-trimethylphosphorothioate and O,O,S-trimethylphosphorodithioate had minimal effects in this tissue. Thus, both O,O,O-trimethylphosphorothioate and O,O,S-trimethylphosphorodithioate are exquisitely selective inhibitors of pulmonary P450 2B1 activity. Their use, together with pyrazole, will facilitate future studies of the pulmonary activation of toxins by P450 2B1.[1]


  1. Inhibition and induction of cytochrome P450 isoenzymes in rat lung. Verschoyle, R.D., Dinsdale, D., Wolf, C.R. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. (1993) [Pubmed]
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