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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Embolic pneumopathy induced by oleic acid. A systematic morphologic study.

This paper presents a systematic study of acute and chronic pulmonary lesions resulting from a single intravenous injection of oleic acid and a new fibrosis lung model is proposed: pulmonary interstitial fibrosis is obtained by means of a number of oleic acid intravenous injections. Nineteen adult dogs received 0.045 g/kg or 0.09 g/kg of oleic acid. A systematic morphologic study was carried out after 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 12, 24, and 48 hours and 1, 2 and 4 weeks. Eleven other adult dogs received weekly one injection of 0.09 g/kg of pure oleic acid over a period of 1 to 3 months. Examination of the lung was carried out by means of light and electron microscopy and morphometry. An early stage characterized by the formation of thrombosis and cellular necrosis was followed by a repair stage with the proliferation of Type 2 cells and fibrotic foci in the subpleural areas. Lipid staining with Sudan IV allowed the onset and disappearance of lipid-laden macrophages to be ascertained. The late stage showed pulmonary fibrosis. The extent of the lesions is related to the number of oleic acid injections. Since interstitial pulmonary fibrosis invariably appeared, and only 2 dogs out of 11 died, the model is satisfactory for pathologist and physiologist.[1]


  1. Embolic pneumopathy induced by oleic acid. A systematic morphologic study. Derks, C.M., Jacobovitz-Derks, D. Am. J. Pathol. (1977) [Pubmed]
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